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What is IVF? Everything you need to know

IVF or In-Vitro Fertilisation, is a fertilisation process that takes place outside the human body, in a test tube or a culture dish. IVF is the most common infertility treatment or procedure suggested to couples looking for a pregnancy but facing infertility. IVF is a multi-step procedure where healthy, mature eggs from the female parent and healthy sperm from the male parent are taken and fertilised in the lab. Learn in detail about the IVF process and its steps.

Who can go for IVF procedure?

Couples unable to get pregnant due to ovarian disorders, fallopian tube disorders, uterine blockage, fibroids or similar health conditions can opt for this procedure. Issues with sperm count and mobility, low libido are also reasons to go for the IVF process.

It is an option for couples not wanting to pass down genetic disorders, or those who want to preserve fertility due to age or life timeline. The eggs and sperm can be of the biological parents, or can be from a registered donor.

The process of egg retrieval -

This procedure takes place under local or general anaesthesia. A needle is used to retrieve eggs from the ovaries. This needle is passed through the vagina and its course is monitored on an ultrasound device throughout the procedure. Once it reaches the ovaries, it is aspirated and taken out. A decent number of 10 – 15 eggs are taken. This is to ensure that we are left with enough healthy mature eggs even if some of those retrieved cannot be used for the procedure

Sperm collection and fertilisation

Healthy sperm is collected via electroejaculation, testicular sperm aspiration or natural ejaculation methods. The collected eggs and sperm are stored in a controlled environment. The fertilisation process takes place in a petri dish where each egg is injected with a sperm. Over the course of the next five to six days, embryo development takes place. They are closely monitored and once the embryos develop to a suitable stage, the embryo transfer process takes place

Controlled Embryo transfer and post care

Prior to the transfer, you will be kept on medication to regulate and prepare your uterus to take the embryo. You might also have few checkup appointments to monitor the thickness and health of the uterus. The embryo transfer itself is a simple procedure. A catheter and syringe is inserted into the vagina and the fertilised embryos are released into the uterus. They will find the uterine lining and attach to it. One or more embryos might be inserted just to increase the chances of a successful transfer.

Mild discomfort, cramps or spotting might be noticed in the next few days, hence it is advised to take proper rest.

Procedure time and our success rate.

The complete procedure might take anywhere from 5 – 6 weeks. In-clinic procedures take anywhere from 10 – 20 minutes. As the procedure is completely safe and done under controlled environments, the IVF success rates are pretty decent.

Wait no more to start your family with IVF planning. With professional counselling and effective IVF costs, Medivision is your best pregnancy partner. Book an appointment now for an expert consultation.